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126   NOVA SCOTIA HISTORICAL SOCIETY.

between his dog Cerberus and a wolf, to the disadvantage of the latter, and the meeting with ' a very fine negro of twenty-two years, a fugitive from Virginia' '.' And it has been seen, on an earlier page of this paper, that in the list of " fifteen souls" at Cape Sable, on the southern coast of Nova Scotia, in 1686—more than half a century earlier—there was a solitary negro whose name of La Liberte, or Liberty, a name sometimes given to slaves in the colonies, especially those at the South, implies that he also as an aspirant for freedom had in some way to us unknown reached that quiet French settlement.'

In 18to there were no slaves in Maccuhusetts, New Hampshire, Vermont and Ohio, and in the course of a few years subsequent to that date in the Northern states in general the freedom of the bondmen was secured or provided for ; but in the South, where at the formation of the constitution eminent men who regarded slavery as a great evil had consented to give the system certain advantages which they hoped would be only temporary, that system had so far ceased to be disliked as at first, that many of its numerous advocates, " supposing that gain is godliness". professed to find in that word of God which teaches the sacredness of humanity a Divine warrant for a system which trampled upon rights that no law or oppression should dare touch.'

" The North emancipated : the South fortified". The compromise adopted at the consolidation of the general government by men who shrank from what they regarded as insurmountable obstacles to emancipation in

' •' Montcalm and Wolfe'', voL L, p. 69. ' See page 6.

' One of the best discussions of this subject is found in a published lecture on •' Southern Slavery not founded on Scripture Warrant", by Rev. Witham Sommerville. A. )I., Reformed Presbyterian minister, Cornwallis, N. S. This lecture was originally delivered before the Acadia Lyceum, Horton, N. S., in IS6. , to counteract an apparent tendency to favor the Southern Confederacy.


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