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84   NOVA SCOTIA HISTORICAL SOCIETY.

then one day the sons and daughters, true to their mother's promise, bore the body of old " Phemy", the former slave, from her humble home on Princess street, St. John, of that day, and laid it beside the dust of the mother, whose life-chapter had been closed many years before.

In several instances thoughtfulness on the part of the master is seen in the bequest for the benefit of the slave. Thus in 1789 Anna Lillie, of Halifax, widow of Theophilus Lillie, in her will arranges that at her death her "black man, Caesar", is to be free, and leaves ten pounds with her executors to be used " in case of sickness or other necessity ", and in a codicil orders, like a thoughtful woman, that " the feather bed and bedstead whereupon he usually sleeps, and also the bed clothes and bedding belonging thereto, be also given unto C.-tsar". A few months earlier Thomas Leonard, of Horton, places this clause in his will : " I give and bequeath to my former Negro woman Phillis (I have given her freedom with her child) fifty pounds Nova Scotia currency to be paid her as follows, viz. : Ten pounds in three months after my decease and ten pounds a year for four years after, making the said fifty pounds". In similar spirit Joseph Fairbanks, of Halifax. in 1790 by his last will and testament directed that " my old and faithful servant, Richard Fortune, shall be emancipated and made free immediately after my decease", and made provision for giving him five pounds annually so long as he should live. According to the disposition by Edward Barron, Esq., of Barronsfield. Cumberland county, of the " worldly estate which it hath pleased God to bless me with", Phube, his slave, was to have her freedom at his death, and her son, Hugh Cumming, at the age of twenty-one or sooner if she should so wish. " Let her have two cows and six ewes". Joshua F. De St. Croix, of Granville, dying in 1804. directed that his " faithful servant Bess" should be free if


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