TREATMENT OF THE SLAVE. 77
of Napanee, Ont., writes that " for years a tree that stood at Finkle's Point, above Bath, was pointed out as one to which a slave had been tied to be severely thrashed". Among the dwellings destroyed at Windsor, N. S., on a fateful Sunday in October, 1897, was one at which I had often looked askance in childhood, because of the story that a slave boy, killed by a blow from a hammer in the hand of his master, had been known to put in an occasional appearance there. Mrs. J. M. Owen, of Annapolis, to whom the writer of this paper has to express his indebtedness for more than one item of interest, has referred in the Halifax Herald to the tradition that Mrs. Barclay, wife of Colonel Barclay, of Annapolis, was responsible for the death of a slave through a severe whipping she had ordered him. In his "History of Pictou" the Rev. Dr. Patterson says : " We have not heard of any cases of those in Pictou who owned slaves ill-treating them. On the contrary, a poor woman who belonged to Matthew Harris and obtained her freedom used to confess that her life had never been so free from anxiety as when living with him ; but in other places tradition has preserved the remembrance of some cruel deeds, showing the character of the system. \Ve have heard, for example, of a Negro slave in Truro who was so treated by his master that several times he ran away, usually making for Pictou. On one occasion his master, having caught him, cut a hole through the lower lobe of his ear, through which he passed the end of a whip-lash, and knotting it he mounted his horse and rode off, dragging after him in that way the poor man, who shortly after died, it was believed in a large measure through the treatment he had received".
Some serious revelations are made in Lieutenant Clarkson's journal. Three or four years before the arrival of that officer in this province—in 1791—On his philanthropic mission, slavery, especially in the more populous