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62   NOVA SCOTIA HISTORICAL SOCIETY.

that " Slavery being almost exterminated here, distinctions naturally painful to these people are gradually dying away", he saw with the eyes of the judiciary rather than with those of the general public. The truth of his words in relation to Nova Scotia seemed to admit of question ; had the statement been applied to New Bruns-wick it might have been declared to he untrue. In Nova Scotia wills probated between the years 1796 and 1799 at Halifax, Amherst, Shelburne, authorize the transfer of slaves to heirs ; in 1798 Jeremiah Northrup offered a reward through the Royal Gate/1e to any person who would bring to Mr. David Rudolph at Halifax, or to himself at Falmouth, a •• Negro boy named James Grant, a smart, likely lad "; through the same medium Reuben Tucker of Digby sought the apprehension of a colored man named Francis Webb ; and by a certificate acknowledged before a justice of the peace James Cox, of Shelburne, in 1800 hired "my slave, George Cox, to Captain Samuel Mann, of the brig Greyhound, for a coasting voyage to Newfoundland and hack". John Herbert, of Shelburne, in a will recorded in March, 1799. gave and bequeathed to his wife, Sarah Herbert, a Negro woman named Venus ; and to his "son Thomas the house I now live in, as also all the land and lots I hold in the township of Shelburne," and " to my said son Thomas a slave named Isaac".

During the same period more numerous transactions in slaves took place in New Brunswick, though trace has been probably lost of a still larger number through lack of care in the preservation of the earlier documents of more than one county. In the probate records of St. John no slave is mentioned later than 1795, when Samuel H., of the city of St. John, " gives and bequeaths" to his " beloved wife a negro woman named Phillis", one chest of drawers and all the pictures, etc. ; but several sales of


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