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THE LOYALISTS AND SLAVERY.   59

Maritime Provinces. In the items of the appraisement of the personal estate of the deceased rector of Shelburne, made by James Cox and Lynde Walter in t798--ten years after the publication of a " Letter to a Clergyman"—were these: "Samuel, a Black Boy. thirty-five pounds; William. a ditto, thirty pounds ; a girl, twenty-five pounds", followed by others giving the valuation of the cattle on the estate.

In an old volume in the office of the registry of deeds, Halifax, may be found an interesting " deed of gift" drawn up in August, 1787, by Edmund Crawley, of H. M. S. " Ambuscade", a member of one of the earliest Halifax families, but at the above date with his ship in England. By this document he claims as his own " property" his Negro wioman, Tamar Cole, and all her children born before March I. 1783. To Tamar Cole he gives her freedom, and at the same time their freedom to the young children she may have had since the date named, as these were not born under his "family's care and expense". But of the children born previous to that date he gives one each to four young nephews and nieces at Halifax, the slaves to be under the guardianship of the young people's parents. If more than four such slave children—born before 1783—should be living, they, "the girl Sophia excepted", were to be the joint property of the nephews and nieces ; and all the slaves thus given to his young relatives were to be held as their proper:3- until the

property" should be of the age of thirty-six years. Each slave upon the attainment of that age was to be free upon the production of a certificate from the minister and church wardens of St. Paul's of good behavior " as becomes negro slaves". In case of inability to produce such a certificate to a " justice of the peace of the said town of Halifax" they were to be required to serve another year, or until they could produce the necessary certificate, with an abstract from the parish register to attest their arrival at the stipulated age. On the fulfilment of these conditions


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