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TIIE LOYALISTS AND SLAVERY.   49

of the colony. The latter, by his will, made in 1803, and duly proved after his loss in 180.; by the foundering of H. M. S. " Speedy" on Lake Ontario, discharged from the state of slavery in which, in the words of the document, " she now is", his " faithful black woman and servant, Dorinda", and gave her and her children their freedom, and to protect them against want directed that twelve hundred pounds should be invested and the interest applied to their maintenance. To his black servants, Simon and John Baker, sons of Dorinda, he gave with their freedom two hundred acres of land each, as well as pecuniary legacies. Simon Baker went down with his master in the " Speedy"; John lived to serve through the war of 1812, receiving a wound at the battle of Lundy's Lane, and enjoying a pension for fifty-seven years.

Another old colored man, born in New York State in 1;66, and brought to Canada as a slave by a United Empire Loyalist, had an interesting record. This man appeared at the court of assize at Ottawa at the advanced age of one hundred and one years and in full possession of all his faculties, to prove the deaths of two persons at the very beginning of the present century. He, too, had fought on the side of the British—through the war of 1812, during which he was present at the battles of Chippewa and Lundy's Lane, and was wounded at Sackett 's Harbor.

In the Maritime Provinces the system of slavery promised, through the Loyalist arrivals, a new development. The colonies to the southward, previous to the Revolution, might have been regarded as forming three groups—the planting, the farming, and the trading colonies. Earlier slave-owners in the Lower Provinces had come from the farming and trading sections ; at the close of the Revolutionary war came more numerous representatives of the

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