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40   NOVA SCOTIA HISTORICAL SOCIETY.

were accompanied by slaves, not a few of whom had come of their own accord. Slave property had in many cases been confiscated with the owner's estates; in some instances a part of it remained, in others slaves had been purchased. On the faithfulness of these attendant Negroes the voyagers were in a great measure dependent for their progress and their comfort. The oar, plied by their strong arm, some-times aided the sail of their rude bateaux, at other times replaced it ; the camp where nightly rested women and children too weary to think of it as on the site of some former deadly conflict or in the neighborhood of the lynx, or bear, or wolf, often owed both safety and comfort to the skill and deftness of their not unwilling hands.

A contributor to the Napanee Bearer wrote on a recent date : " There has been considerable controversy of late whether slaves were ever owned in this section of Canada. The Aliens brought three slaves with them who remained with the family for years after. Thomas Dorland also had a number of slaves, who were members of the household as late as 18zo. The Pruyns, who lived on the front of Fredericksburg, had, we are informed, over a dozen slaves with them. The Ruttans, of Adolphustown, brought two able-bodied Negro slaves with them. Major VanAlstine also had slaves; so had John Huyck, who lived north of Hay Bay ; and the Bogarts—near neighbors, and the Trampours, of the opposite side of Hay Bay. The Clarks of Ernestow-n, to-day called Bath, owned slaves who were with them years after their residence in Canada. The Everetts of Kingston township and Cartwrights of Kingston also had theirs." In the Niagara or Home District, in another section of Ontario. there were estimated to be about three hundred Negro slaves and a few Indian slaves in 1 791-

Respecting these slaves brought to the Midland District and to other parts of the province some further facts are


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