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be estimated with some approach to certainty. Under instructions from Sir Guy Carleton, Colonel Morse, commanding Royal Engineer, made a tour of the Provincial settlements in the autumn of 1783 and early part of the summer of 1784, and to his report appended a " return of the disbanded troops and Loyalists settling in Nova Scotia." for the purpose of ascertaining the number entitled to the " • Royal Bounty of Provisions."' In the column allotted to "servants" are, Dartmouth, ;t ; Country Harbour, 41 ; Chedabucto, 61 ; Island St. John, now Prince Edward Island, 26 ; Antigonish, 18 ; Cumberland, etc., 21 ; Partridge Island, now Parrsboro', 6g ; Cornwallis and Horton, 38; Newport and Kennetcook, 22 ; Windsor, 21 ; Annapolis Royal, etc., 230 ; Digby, 152 ; St. Mary's Bay, 13 ; Shelburne, —; River St. John, .}}1 ; a total number, inclusive of some small figures not quoted, of twelve hundred and thirty-two persons, to nearly all of whom must have belonged the appellation of " slave."' During the two or three succeeding years some others were brought into Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Cape Breton—that island being then under a separate government.

The island of Cape Breton finds no place in Colonel Morse's return of Loyalists " settling or about to settle" in the Maritime Provinces. That distrust of Governor Parr and the authorities in Nova Scotia, which led many influential men to think of the intended province of New Brunswick, delayed the settlement of Cape Breton until it had been definitely learned that a separate government under a lieutenant-governor would be granted the island. In a memorial to the king. dated Feb. 21, 1784, Abraham C. Cuyler, previously mayor of Albany and colonel of a



' " Report of Canadian Archives," t8&{.

s In view of the absence of any return of servants " from Shelburne and other places on the Southern shore this total may be regarded as by no means extravagant.

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