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between the two groups may be drawn from the fact that the township or parish of which they were the earliest settlers bears at the present day the name of Pennfield, an abbreviated form of the earlier Quaker designation—Penn's Field.'

It fell out with the anti-slavery township in New Brunswick as with a few other Loyalist ventures in the Maritime Provinces. I n a very few years the settlers were so reduced that privation and suffering made them glad to receive aid from Friends abroad. We quote trom Mr. Vroom's paper : " What little wealth the Friends had taken with them from their Pennsylvania and New Jersey homes had been long since exhausted in their sojourn in New York and their struggle with the hardships of the New Brunswick wilderness. The town at Beaver Harbor, like other Loyalist towns, had arisen in the expectation of a trade that never came. And yet they had remained, and kept up their struggle, and perhaps tried to hope for better times. But the end was near. A forest fire swept over the place in 1i9o, leaving only one dwelling house. A few of the inhabitants remained or came back to rebuild their dwellings at or near the old sites, but Pennfield was no longer a Quaker colony, and the highways and land-marks of to-day bear no relation to the plans of the old town of Belle View."

On the splendid intervales of the river St. John, from its mouth, where a fishing and trading station had been



I In an interesting paper, in No. ; of " Collections of the New Bruns-wick Historical Society," Mr. James groom, of St. Stephen states that the town at Beaver Harbor was to be called Belle View or Belk Vue. After having referred to an old map in the British Museum and a plan in the Crown land office in Fredericton, it is said by the writer that Belle View, or Penn's Field was not a town on paper only. There were 149lots included in theoriginal grant "; and a contemporary writer. shortly after its foundation. estimated the number of its inhabitants at eight hundred. The very small dimensions of the " House " proposed to be built in 1786 for worship leads one to suppose that the figures just given must have included the whole number of settlers around Beaver Harbor.

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