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THE SLAVE IN CANADA.   17

the goods and chattels of John Porter, late of Cornwallis, deceased, signed in 1784 by leading men of the township, are these items : " One grain fan, fifteen shillings ; one negro man, eighty pounds ; books, thirty shillings." As those of kind and thoughtful slave-owners may be quoted the well-known names of Jonathan Shearman and Benjamin Belcher, both of Cornwallis. The first of these, in a will dated in 18o9, when slaves had become virtually free, makes as a condition of his will the maintenance by his wife and daughter of " my Negro woman, Chlw, comfort-ably during her life, should she remain with them as heretofore." The will of Mr. Belcher, made in 18o1, shows his slaveholding to have been upon a more extensive scale ; and to have been conducted, according to the circumstances of that day, with a solicitude for the higher interests of his slaves in harmony with his position as a leading manager of the affairs of the parish church. In a section of this will his executors are instructed : " I give and bequeath my Negro woman to my beloved wife during her lifetime and after her death at her disposal ; I give and bequeath my Negro boy called Prince to my son, Stephen Belcher, during his life, after that to his eldest surviving son ; I give my Negro girl called Diana to my daughter, Elizabeth Belcher Sheffield, and after her death to her eldest male heir of her body ; I give my Negro man named Jack and my Negro boy Samuel and Negro boy James and Negro girl called Chlce to my son Benjamin and his heirs for ever ; charging these my children unto whom I have entrusted these Negro people with never to sell, barter or exchange them or any of them under any pretension except it is for whose bad and heinous offences as will not render them safe to be kept in the family, and that to be adjudged of by three Justices of the Peace in said Township, and in such case on their order they may be sold and disposed of. And I further request that as soon

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