Previous Slavery in Canada (1899) Next

 

12   NOVA SCOTIA HISTORICAL SOCIETY.

somewhat numerous, and annexed cautions to sea captains indicate the most common method of escape. In 1773 Jacob Hurd. whose name is still attached to a lane in Halifax, offered a reward of five pounds, with the payment of all necessary charges, for the apprehension of his run-away Negro—Cromwell—described as a " short, thick-set, strong fellow," badly marked by smallpox, " especially on the nose," and having on when he went away as a part of his grotesque apparel a green cloth jacket and a cocked hat. A smaller sum was also offered for any trustworthy intelligence concerning his movements. During the autumn of 1 780 two similar rewards were offered : in the first instance one of three guineas for the apprehension and delivery at the office of the Commanding Engineer at Halifax of two runaway Negro men ; in the second a " handsome reward" to be paid by Benjamin DeWolfe, Esq., of Windsor, to any one securing a Negro boy named Mungo, "about fourteen years old and well built," in "some of His Majesty's jails," and " notifying his said owner or sending him home." In a newspaper of the following year Abel Michener, of Falmouth, promised five pounds for the capture of a Negro named James, and Samuel Mack, of Port Medway, Queen's county, a smaller sum for the return to him of another, known as •' Chance." A year later the master of the transport ship " Friends" notified the public of the departure of his Negro lad, Ben, and requested all masters of vessels not to ship him as a seaman, as, said Captain Wilson, " he is my own property."

One other instance may be given, as the odd name of the heroine obtained a place in the local journal of that day and also in the records of the probate court : '• Ran away from her master. John Rock, on Monday, the 18th day of August last, a Negro girl named Thursday, about four and a half feet high, broad-set, with a lump over her


Previous Slavery in Canada (1899) Next