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THE SLAVE IN CANADA.   I1

establishment of Messrs. Simonds & White at the mouth of the St. John River in June, 1767. During that month James Simonds wrote to Messrs. Hazen & Janis, partners at Newburvport, Mass : " We have promi*ed thirty to forty hogsheads of lime to Mr. Best, of Halifax, and hourly expect a vessel for it, and have encouragement of a contract for the King's works ; expect nothing but to disappoint him, as that rascal negro, West, cannot be flattered or drove to do one-fourth of a man's work ; shall give him a strong dose on Monday morning which will make him better or worse ; no dependence can be put on him." If Thomas West were a slave, and free Negroes were rare in America at that day, he may be regarded as the first slave laborer on New Brunswick soil. On the printed form on which the census returns of the " Settlement at the Harbor of St. John River" for 1775 were made was no separate column for Negroes, such as may be found in some similar blanks of that period.

During the subsequent years of the period under review, advertisements respecting slaves continued to appear in the Halifax weekly paper. In such fyles as have been preserved are several notices of sale and numerous offers of rewards for the apprehension of runaways. In the Nora Scotia Gazette and Weekly Chronicle of March 28, 17/5, a "likely, well-made Negro boy, about sixteen years old," is offered for sale; and in the issue of the same paper for January. 1779, attention is called to an "able Negro wench, about twenty-one years of age, capable of performing both town and country work, and an exceedingly good cook," also to be disposed of. A little later two other Negro girls were advertised for sale, one of them about twenty-two years of age, the other about fourteen. In all these cases intending purchasers were directed to

apply for further information to the printer."

Advertisements of absconding slaves at this time were


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