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82   THE PIONEERS Oh' OLD ONTARIO

whiskey, were ready to quarrel on slight provocation. When a general scrimmage began, the squaws grabbed the papooses and ran for the bush. Strange to say, all this fighting was done with fists; I never once saw guns or knives used. The Indians were usually chaste in their domestic relations, but one old chief, John Essence, had three wives. When converted to Methodism he was told he would have to put away two of these, and the old polygamist sought a way out. On being told that he could retain all three wives if he became a Catholic, he promptly abjured Methodism for what seemed to him a more liberal faith."

INDIAN BASKET

This talk led up to tales of early marriages among the whites. Mr. Hewson's father was a magistrate and as such was authorized to per-form the marriage ceremony. His field covered the whole country from Holland Landing to Penetang'. "One of the first marriage ceremonies performed by my father was when he declared his neighbour David Soules legally wedded. Soules had gone to Pickering for his

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