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EDUCATION   149

school boards to the necessity for some such fund in the interest of permanence and stability in the profession. The cities of Toronto and Ottawa secured and availed themselves of the right to set up superannuation funds of their own. These, however, were not upon a sound actuarial basis and the Teachers' Association continued to urge the establishment of a general fund. After many disappointments and postponements due to various causes, the Act of 1917 was introduced and passed. Under this Act the teacher who has taught over forty years may receive a superannuation allowance of not less than $365 or more than $1,000 per year, depending upon the number of years of teaching and the salary earned. A teacher who has taught for thirty years may receive what is termed in the Act an actuarial equivalent, which generally bears, of course, a much smaller proportion to the amount which would have been earned at forty years than the difference in

teac te experience would represent. The   a   g

o

retires on account of ill-health after fifteen years of service is entitled to a due proportion


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