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CHAPTER XV.
EDUCATION.

The educational system of Ontario touches the lives of the people so intimately that it is hardly necessary here to do more than call attention to some of the important changes made in the school laws during the past few years.

In 1876, the functions of the Council of Public Instruction, which up to that time had had charge of the administration of the school laws, were transferred to the Education Department, the office of Chief Superintendent of Education, which had been held for many years by the Rev. Dr. Ryerson, being abolished and his powers and duties transferred to the Minister of Education. Probably with a view of meeting the objection that the change might lead to political interference in educational matters, the Education Department, unlike any other department, was to consist of the Executive Council or a commit-

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