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110   LAWS Or ONTARIO

allowance is payable to the Province by the municipality in which the person to whom it is to be paid is a resident.

Legislation of this kind needs no special justification on economic grounds, for it is a case of the State assisting in the maintenance and education of the children which are its greatest asset, and it has in addition a special appeal to those who believe that a Christian State should encourage and be an exemplar of practical Christianity. It has been said by some thoughtful writers in recent years, that the home as a social institution is in great danger of passing away. Legislation, such as this, may be expected to make it easier to maintain home life, and to provide in the best possible place and in the best possible way for the care and training which are needed in the rearing of children to good and useful citizenship. It has been urged that statutes of this kind have a tendency to discourage private benevolence and to lead to a lessening of a sense of personal responsibility in the individual, but experience has not justified these objections, and as a matter of fact appeals for help in various


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