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CHAPTER XII.

MOTHERS' ALLOWANCES.

In 1918, Dr. Riddell, then Deputy Minister of Labour, was appointed a commissioner to inquire as to the practicability and desirability of making an allowance by the State to mothers who require assistance in order to maintain their families, where, owing to the death or incapacity of the husband, they were forced to rely upon their own resources. At the Session of 1920, The Mothers' J11owances Jct was introduced and finally became law. This Act provides for the payment of a monthly allowance towards the support of the dependent children of a mother who is a widow, or the wife of an inmate of a hospital for the insane in Canada, or of a man who is permanently disabled or incapable of contributing to the support of his family, or of a man who has deserted her and has not been heard of for at least four years. The mother must have been resident in Canada for a

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