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CHAPTER XI.

PROVISION FOR DEPENDENTS UNDER THE
WORKMEN'S COMPENSATION ACT.

The present Workmen's Compensation 14ct

became law in 1914. It was the result of a thorough investigation of the subject by Sir William Meredith, the present Chief Justice of Ontario, and inquiry, including an examination of all modern legislation on this subject and industrial and economic conditions generally in Ontario.

The principle of this Act is that the industry generally, or the class of industries in which a particular business is included, shall as a whole bear the expense of providing against accidents and industrial diseases arising in the course of employment in any industry in the group. Under the old law the workman was left to his remedy by action against his employer, and in addition to the costliness of such a proceeding the right of action was restricted and rendered

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