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PUBLIC HEALTH   93

measures. The by-law, a form of which is appended to the Act, is in force in every municipality until altered or amended by the council of the municipality with the approval of the Board.

Medical officers of health were at one time appointed by and removable at the pleasure of the council and were not necessarily legally qualified medical practitioners. Now every medical officer of health must be duly qualified, and in the event of the council failing to make an appointment the vacancy may be filled by the Lieutenant-Governor in Council upon the recommendation of the Provincial Board. Medical officers of health are not removable except for misconduct or on account of removal from the locality. Removal from office is also subject to the approval of the Provincial Board. The effect of this legislation is to place the medical officer of health in a position to discharge his duties without fear or favour and to render the office of much greater importance and usefulness than was formerly the case. Provision is made by the Act for an annual conference of medical officers of health,


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