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78   LAWS OF ONTARIO

and other parents who wished to avoid the care and trouble of rearing children.

In 1897 another Act was passed to regulate maternity boarding houses and for the protection of infant children. This Act re-pealed the former legislation, but was only to come into force in any municipality on the passing of a by-law by the council. Where the by-law was passed registration was required in the case of any person undertaking to receive for hire or reward any woman or girl for accouchement. The Act was a considerable advance upon the previous legislation but was deficient in several respects. In 1912 a new Act was passed known as The Maternity Boarding House Jct, chapter 230, Revised Statutes of Ontario, 1914. This Act is not dependent for its application upon the passing of a by-law by the municipal council, and provides for the keeping of a register by the medical officer of health of the municipality and requires a registration of both classes of houses, that is, maternity boarding houses and homes in which infants are received for care by others than their parents. The medical officer of health must


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