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68   LAN1 S OF ONTARIO

recovered for application to the maintenance of illegitimate children. It has frequently been unnecessary to proceed to extreme measures. An interview with the Provincial Officer, or his agent, being sufficient to insure the making of a suitable settlement.

In the practical operation of the Act, officers and members of children's aid societies, neighbourhood workers' associations and similar bodies are able to co-operate with the Provincial Officer, and by tactful and kindly intervention do much to overcome the handicap in the lives of these unfortunate children. The fact that the Provincial Officer must be a party to the proceedings and has the power to intervene at any time prevents the Act from being used for improper purposes or so as to work a hardship to innocent persons. It has been held by an Appellate Court in a judgment from which the writer must most respectfully dissent that the Act does not apply in a case of a child born before the first day of July, 1921, but before this decision was given numerous orders had been made in such cases and have been complied with to a great extent.


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