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62   LAWS OF ONTARIO

of the child, it may with the consent of the Provincial Officer be dealt with as a neglected child under the provisions of The Children's Protection Act. Power to make necessary regulations is conferred upon the Government. The notable change made in this part of the Act is in providing a statutory protector and guardian for the mother and child.

Under the old Act the affidavit required was seldom filed. The mother being ignorant of her rights and of the provisions of the law could easily be persuaded in consideration of a small payment or of promises to postpone any action beyond the time set for the filing of the affidavit, in the absence of which the father escaped all responsibility. This state of things, in any case which comes to the notice of the Provincial Officer, is now impossible. The old law looked to the protection of the municipality and Province against the child becoming a public charge and to the recoupment of any one who might have furnished necessaries for the child. The new Act puts the welfare of the child first throughout and at the same time gives the


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