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58   LAWS OF ONTARIO

office of the clerk of the peace or the city clerk. The affidavit was not evidence of paternity.

Various attempts had been made in England to secure the enactment of more modern legislation with respect to the maintenance of illegitimate children, the law as it stood there being designed primarily for the protection of the rates. In 1919 a very comprehensive and carefully prepared measure was brought before the Imperial Parliament, known from the name of its principal promoter as "The Neville Chamberlain" bill. This bill has never been passed nor has any change been made in the English law except to increase the amount which the father might be ordered to pay towards the maintenance of the child. In 1920 a careful examination was made by the Department of the Attorney-General of Ontario of the English proposals at the instance of some of the various organizations interested in child welfare, and before the Session of 1921 an exhaustive study had been made of the existing law on the subject and its history. The laws of England and other European


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