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PROTECTION OF WOMEN   55

expense of maintaining the child. The jury may take into consideration the social conditions of the parties and the conduct of the defendant, including his conduct at the trial.

Under The Female Patients' and Prisoners' Protection Jct, first enacted in 1887, and now Chapter 232 of The Revised Statutes of Ontario, 1914, every person who unlawfully has carnal knowledge of a female patient, inmate or prisoner in any institution which is subject to Government inspection, and who is capable of consent, is liable to imprisonment for any term less than two years. Where such a patient, inmate or prisoner is incapable of consent, the case is provided for by The Criminal Code.

SLANDER OF WOMEN.

In ordinary cases of action for slander, it is necessary to prove actual damage. But in an action for slander for defamatory words spoken of a woman imputing unchastity or adultery it is not necessary to prove special damages resulting to the plaintiff from the utterance of such words, and the plaintiff may recover nominal charges without charg-


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