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38   LAWS OF ONTARIO

trate making the order, and in the event of the husband or father refusing to attend in answer to the summons, or to show sufficient reason for non-attendance, or to satisfy the magistrate that he is unable to pay the sum ordered to be paid, the magistrate may order his imprisonment. Orders made under the Act may be varied from time to time where this is rendered necessary by alterations in the circumstances of the parties. A magistrate is authorized to hear cases under the Act in private.

In 1921, a similar Act was passed to secure the maintenance of parents by their children, where parents by reason of age, disease or otherwise are unable to maintain themselves. The particular difference between the two Acts is that The Parents' Maintenance Jct provides that the magistrate before fixing the amount payable must be not only satisfied that the son or daughter has sufficient means to provide for the parent or parents, but he must have regard to the whole circumstances of the case, while in the case of a deserted wife or a deserted child all that it is necessary to prove is that the wife or child is deserted


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