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A GOLD MINE.   69

 

slowly came to a close, after existing several thousand years. These quartz veins are the meeting-places of the metals all over the world. In them are huddled minerals of almost all known varieties. The metals seem to have their loves or affinities. Never yet was gold found without a trace or more of silver intermingled. Like Ruth with Naomi, there is a tacit declaration that "Whither thou goest I will go, and where thou lodgest I will lodge." Gold, as found in nature, anywhere out of the ocean, is always uncombined with any other element. With silver it is simply alloyed. In these veins at Molega it is associated with base metals, that exist as sulphides. We have chemically combined these : sulphur and iron, or iron pyrites, sulphur and lead, or galena, sulphur and zinc, or Mende or " black jack " of the miners ; sulphur, iron and copper, or copper pyrites, sulphur, iron and arsenic, or mispicked or " white iron " of the miners. These minerals occur as crystals, distributed in varying quantities through the vein-matter or quartz. The visible gold is to be found usually, either actually in contact with these minerals or very near them. Always there is fine invisible gold caught in the crystals of these base metals. The quantity varies from twenty dollars to two hundred dollars or more


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