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64   IN THE ACADIAN LAND.

foot is often found distributed over wide ranges of country. But to find gold, brought together by natural operations in sufficient quantities to mine it with profit, is the difficult point. To find gold in rocks or gravel is not a matter requiring much effort. So far as we know, all the gold that man has obtained in Nova Scotia has either been mined out of a quartz vein or washed out of gravel containing gold that has been broken out of veins and washed into the surface by natural agencies ; and apparently this is true over all the earth.

Let us first get a clear idea of a mineral vein or lead. If the rocks of all this region were completely stripped of the covering of gravel, sand, mud and clay, and laid clean and naked to view, we would see long broken ledges in upturned positions, running easterly and westerly sometimes the layers would be standing on edge, quite perpendicular, and in that case they would be found to slant or "dip " or in-cline, gradually increasing the slant with the distance on both sides of the perpendicular and in opposite directions. If you will set a book on its edge, and then lean against it, on each side, other books, bracing against the central one and supporting it in place, you will then have the position of the rocks, only the books


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