flies and moths, and by so doing they keep down these crawling pests, that would otherwise give us much more trouble than they do. In New England, and especially Massachusetts, there is a small moth that was brought from Europe thirty years ago by a French naturalist in order to make some experiments about its ability to spin web useful for making silk. Three or four of these insects escaped in the town of Medford. In ten years they began to make trouble, as their caterpillars fed on almost all kinds of leaves and they gained in numbers. In twenty years they were very destructive in Medford and had ex-tended in small numbers to other localities, and there was a fight kept up by owners of orchards, and gardens, and woodlands ; but still the enemy increased. Nine years ago the State Legislature was petitioned to find some means to abate this scourge. Twenty-five thousand dollars was voted to be expended in fighting this enemy. The next year fifty thousand dollars was voted for this war fund, and the battle raged with fire and poisons and tar, but the caterpillars continued to increase.
In 1892 the Legislature voted seventy-five thousand dollars for the annual " Gypsy Moth Fund," as it was called. In 1893 it was infesting thirty cities and towns, and laying waste the