bars or even up rivers for the purpose of depositing its ova. As soon as the water becomes warm they work off into deep water, where they remain during the hot months. As it is a deep-water fish it does not often afford much sport for the angler, but as a commercial and food fish it is decidedly the best we have in the lakes, its flesh being firm, white, flaky and well flavoured. Under favourable circumstances this species reaches a large size, specimens of twenty-five pounds' weight having been recorded. These are, however, very rare, and a ten-pound fish is now considered a very good one. It is extremely voracious, feeding upon such other fish as it can over-power, and the insects and crustaceans found in its haunts.
Sand Pickerel. Blue Pickerel. Sauger. Stizostedion canadense (Smith).—This is a smaller fish than the last, rarely exceeding eighteen inches in length and a weight of two pounds. It is also less valued as a food fish, its flesh being softer and of inferior flavour. Occasionally taken by lake fisher-men off the Toronto shore.
Yellow Perch. Perca flavescens (llitchill). —This species reaches a length of ten or twelve inches and a weight of a pound or rather more. The largest I ever saw taken near Toronto weighed one pound and two ounces. It is one of the most abundant of our fishes and is found in all the waters of this locality. As a food fish, if taken when the water is cool it is only excelled by the Yellow Pickerel.