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CHAPTER XVIII.

 

AMPHIBIA.
By
W. H. PIERSOL, B.A., M.B.

TIE following list contains all the Amphibia that have been reported from the neighbourhood of Toronto or are known by the author to occur in that region. A few additional species, that may occur but have not yet been reported, are mentioned at the end of the list.

URODELA.

Mud-puppy, Necturus maculosus, Rafinesque. In quiet waters, at depths of 2-20 feet ; Don and Humber rivers, Island lagoons, wharves. Spawns in quiet waters under stones, etc., at depths of 3-12 feet. May 1st-June 5th. No metamorphosis.

Spotted Salamander, Ambystoma punctatum, Linn. On all sides of the city in woods, preferably dark woods with light undergrowth and little grass. At the breeding season, near pools, under any object that will give shelter, at other seasons in or under decaying logs and stumps, sometimes under stones. Spawns in pools, eggs in large masses attached to grass or twigs. April 1-30, usually April 10-17. Metamorphosis in September-October of same year.

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