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five, viz., the Riband, Garter, Water, Milk, and Hog-nosed, are larger ones, averaging about three feet in length. They are all quite harmless, if left alone, and several of them are really useful. The Grass Snake is very fond of cut-worm caterpillars that do so much injury to lawns and gardens, and the Milk Snake feeds very largely on field mice and voles—two of the farmer's great enemies.



Red-bellied Snake, Storeria occipitomaculata, Baird & Gir. Not very common ; are said to feed on soft-bodied insects.

DeKay's Brown Snake, Storeria dekayi, Baird & Gir. The commonest of the small snakes ; feeds on earthworms and insects ; viviparous and produces from twelve to twenty-four young at a time; often found on the waste land at the sides of railroads.

Riband Snake, Eutainia saurita, Baird & Gir. A very graceful and beautiful species; not very common; it used to be found at the Woodbine and Balmy Beach; feeds on small frogs and earthworms.

Garter Snake, Eutainia sirtalis, Baird & Gir. The commonest of the large snakes; frequents woods and grassy fields ; feeds on frogs, toads and earthworms ; viviparous, having as many as twenty young at a time.

Water Snake, Tropidonotus sipedon, Holbr. Fairly common about streams and ponds; feeds on 239

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