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look for these. Of recent years also our foreign immigrants may sometimes be seen searching for and gathering fungi which were familiar to them in their native land.

Of course, the chief cause of this general neglect of fungi as articles of food is the still pretty general notion that all toadstools are poisonous. Recent research has shown that mushrooms of all kinds have nutritive qualities much inferior to what was at one time supposed to be the case; but in this respect they probably stand as high, while they have at least as conspicuous gastronomic attractions, as the universal turnip. There seems to be no good reason why the general advance in nature study should not bring us to a sufficient knowledge of the fungi to enable us to use the good and to know and eschew the few poisonous or deleterious ones which grow amongst the good.


Some really poisonous species, of course, there are, and, until the recognition of them forms part of ordinary rural lore, any general use of wild-growing fungi as articles of food need not be hoped for. Almost every year, about the month of September, the newspapers report a case or two of fatal mush-room poisoning. It would seem that Amanita phalloides is, in all cases, the culprit. In the district with which we are at present concerned, lying within a radius of fifty miles from Toronto, there would



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