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NATURAL HISTORY, TORONTO REGION

 

The only fungus student of Toronto that I am aware of who has made public anything of his researches is also one of the earliest. In 1871, Daniel Knode Winder published a pamphlet of twenty-four pages " to enable the reader to identify our best species of mushrooms." This little book contained descriptions, with figures, of seven of the principal edible species and a catalogue of 108 species collected by the author, of which he specified thirty-seven which he had himself eaten. He does not say in what district his collections were made. If the thirty-seven specially mentioned were found near Toronto, there are ten of them which I have not met with, viz. (adopting the author's nomenclature), Agaricus gambosus, Agaricus odorus, Agaricus rachodes, Agaricus prunulus, Agaricus villaticus, Agaricus excoriatus, Agaricus orcella, Hygrophorus pratensis, Hygrophorus niveus, and Hygrophorus virgineus; and of the others in his list there are forty which I have either not met with or not identified.

Any collecting that I have done has been largely confined to places within easy reach of Toronto, including, however, some places outside of the fifty-mile radius from Toronto, such as the Muskoka Lakes and the shores of some parts of the Georgian Bay. In all, I have found probably about four hundred species, but of these I have not been able to feel sure of the identification of more than 150. I have kept descriptions, and in most cases drawings or

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