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NATURAL HISTORY, TORONTO REGION OLEACEAE (Olive Family). Fraxinus americana, L. (White Ash).

"   excelsior, L. (European Ash). Planted.

"   nigra, Marsh. (Black Ash).

"   pennsylvanica, Marsh. (Red Ash). Not common.

Syringa vulgaris, L. (Lilac). Introduced. Ligustrum vulgare, L. (Privet). Introduced.

GENTIANACEAE (Gentian Family). Gentiana andrewsii, Griseb. (Closed Gentian).

"   crinita, Froel. (Fringed Gentian).

"   quinquefolia, L.

"   saponaria, L. (Soapwood Gentian). Menyanthes trifoliata, L. (Water Buckbean).

APOCYNACEAE (Dogbane Family).
Vinca minor, L. (Common Periwinkle). A rare

escape.

Apocynum androsaemifolium, L. (Dogbane).

,,

cannabinum, L. (Indian Hemp). Both

species grow on the Island.

ASCLEPIADACEAE (Milkweed Family). Asclepias incarnata, L. (Swamp milkweed).

,,

phytolaccoides, Pursh. (Poke milkweed).

,,

syriaca, L. (Common Milkweed).

"   tuberosa, L. (Pleurisy-root or Butterfly-weed).

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