THE CLIMATE OF TORONTO
the 14th, 1901, and the lowest -21° on the 21st, 1871.
January and February have much the same mean temperature. February, 1875, was the coldest month on record, with a mean temperature of 10°.2. On fourteen consecutive days the temperature fell below zero, with an absolute minimum of 16 below; the mean minimum of the month was -0°.6. Other notably cold months were January, 1866, with mean temperature of 16°; January, 1857, 12°.7; January, 1875, 16°.1 ; January, 1884, 16°.0 ; February, 1885, 11°.1 ; January, 1893, 14°.7 ; January, 1904, 16°.0, and January, 1912, 13°.9.
The normal annual snowfall in Toronto is 65 inches. A few flurries usually occur in November, and occasionally several inches may fall, but it is not until December that the ground becomes snow-covered, and this, as a rule, not until well on in the month ; there is not sleighing at Christmas in more than one year in five, and in many winters the ground is bare during Christmas week. During January and February there is usually sleighing, but towards the end of February the snow melts fast, and it is only occasionally that the surrounding country is snow-covered into March. Heavy snow-falls have occurred in some years in March, but these are the exception rather than the rule, and an old and very prevalent idea that a heavy snowstorm usually occurs about March 17th is not borne out by the records. The heaviest snowfall on record is 16 inches, and this has occurred on several occasions.