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Toronto. For details in regard to them the special guide books prepared for the purpose should be consulted. Here it will merely be necessary to outline the possibilities.

One may visit several geologically interesting localities in Toronto or its vicinity by street-car combined with short walks, as follows :

The Don Valley Brickyard, showing Lorraine shales and glacial and interglacial beds with many fossils, may be reached by taking a Church Street car to Rosedale, and walking a mile, first north along Glen Road, then east on Binscarth Road, where a path leads down to the Don Valley and the brick-yard.

The Sand and Gravel Pit on Shaw Street, showing crossbedded river deposits of interglacial age with mammoth, etc., may be reached by taking a Bloor car northwest to that street. A few minutes' walk to the north brings one to the pit, which is on the west side of the street.

Toronto Island, showing a modern sand and gravel bar built of materials transported from Scar-borough Heights to the east, may be reached by taking a Yonge Street car to the waterfront on Toronto Bay. Ferries ply to the island a block to the west of Yonge Street.

Scarborough Heights, showing the finest Pleistocene section in Canada, including 355 feet of glacial and interglacial beds, may be visited in two ways: first, by taking a King Street car as far east as pos-


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