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this name because here the Indians obtained goods " on credit " from the whites) not far from Toronto, whence they moved in 1847. They have been largely successful in the assimilation of the culture of the whites and now compete with them in several ways on an equal basis. The Mississagas are practically all Christians, having been converted before the middle of the nineteenth century through the efforts of the Wesleyan Methodist Church in Canada, aided by Rev. Peter Jones, a half-blood Mississaga, chief and historian of his people, who translated in 1835 The First Book of Moses called Genesis into " the idiom of the Mississaga form of the Chippewa," as School-craft phrased it.

In language, customs, habits, religious practices, etc., the Mississagas did not differ seriously from the Ojibwa or Chippewa, Peter Jones described him-self, e.g., as belonging to " the Messissauga or Eagle tribe of the Ojebway Nation," this bird serving as the " totem " or ensign of his people. The Mississagas buried their dead in the ground and blackened their faces as a sign of mourning. They had the custom of keeping alive the memory of the dead by conferring his name on some one else or adopting some one of the same name,—a number of white men and women have been named for this purpose by them, from Dr. Ryerson, in 1826 by the Indians of the Credit, to the writer of these lines, in 1888 by those of Scugog. The Mississagas were a fishing and hunting people; the mouth of the River Credit was



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