TORONTO: AN HISTORICAL SKETCH
the Nations," of a more peaceful character than that which helped to destroy the Roman empire. This movement has come not to destroy but to fulfil the destiny of Canada as the melting-pot of nations and
the solvent of Anglo-Saxondom. At the May Day 1913 meeting of United Workers of Toronto speeches were given in Polish, Bulgarian, Finnish, Yiddish, and Italian, as well as English, advocating education and favouring peace. It is reassuring to know that the dominating proportion of the population of the Dominion, 54 per cent. in 1911, is still of British origin. The English gained 562,000, or 44.5 per cent., from 1901 to 1911, the French 406,000, or 24.5 per cent., the Germans 82,000, or 26 per cent. The Irish population increased 62,000 to 1,050,000, and the Scottish 198,000 to 998,000. The only other Europeans making six-figure records in Canada are Austro-Hungarians, 129,000, and Scandinavians, 107,000. Both the Indian and Negro records are decreasing. The total population was 5,371,315 in 1901, and 7,206,634 in 1911, a gain of 1,835,328, or 34 per cent.
In this advance Toronto more than held its own. According to the census of 1911 the population was 376,240, and the official estimate (June 5th, 1913) is 488,000. Territorially the city extends about ten miles from east to west along the lake front, and by the recent addition of North Toronto its northern and southern limits lie equally far apart.