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MEN OP CANADA.   339

HON. ALEXANDER
MACKENZIE, of
Toronto, M.P. for
East York, and ex-Premier
of Canada, was born near
Dunkeld, Perthshire, Scot-
land, on the 2Sth January,
IS22. He received his earl}_
education at the public
school, and continued his
studies at the Cathedral,
Dunkeld, and at Perth. In
IS42 he came to Canada,
settling at Kingston, but
soon after removed to Sarnia,
Out., started business as
builder and contractor. Here
he conducted Isis private
avocations, though all the
while studying public ques-
tions. A Whig in Scotland,
lie brought his Liberalism
Avith him. In 1832 appear-
ed the Lambton Shi'CU)

Avith Mr. Mackenzie as

editor, and for two years

Avith great force lie conteiid-

ed tlirough that paper for

the expansion of liberty.

He has always held the

principles of the universal brotherhood of man, and be-

lieves in the extinction of all class legislation. In IS6i lie was elected to represent Lambton in Parliament, wliere he at once attracted attention, and became head of his party. From iS67 to ISi3 he was leader of the Reform party, and, in zS73, was placed at the head of the Liberal party of the Dominion. Upon the resignation of Sir John A. _Macdonald in November, IS7 3i Lord Dufferin called upon him to form an administration. As an administrator he was conscientious,—there is not one deed of his that can be stamped with reproach. During his administration several important questions, which

threatened the gravest complications, were adjusted. As a private member, he is author of many important measures. Mr. Mackenzie is president of the Sovereign Fire Insurance Company, of the North American Life Insurance Company, and a director of the Building and Loan Association. He \A-as major of the Executive Council, and treasurer of Ontario in Mr. Blake's administration from IS71 to 1S72. He was twice offered the honor of knight-hood, but declined its acceptance. He has been twice married—first to Helen Neil, of Irvine, Scotland, and again to Jane Sym, of Perthshire, Scotland.

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