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chant, Toronto, was born on the ';_J 22nd of July, 1845, in the town-ship of Nelson, Halton County, Ontario. After passing through the public schools he graduated at the Commercial College, Toronto. He then engaged as accountant with David PleNves, of Brantford. At the end of four years he formed a partnership with Win. Plewes, of London, and for eight years carried on business under the name of PleNves N Peer. He then returned to Brantford and spent five years more with his former employer. In 1884 he entered the establishment of W. P. Howland &- Co., Toronto, and in 1886 became partner in the first of Pennee & Peer, Quebec and Toronto. His present business as peer & Co. was begun in 1889. Mr. Peer is an active member of the -Methodist Church, and connected with its various boards. He is a inember of the L O. F. and of the Board of Trade. He was married in i86o to Theresa Josephine Kenny, who died in March, 187o, and again, in 1872, to Rebecca, daughter of James Zimmerman, of Burlington, Out.

JAMES BUCHANAN , planing mills,

Goderich, Out., was born at Karnnni-

nock, Scotland, July 5th, 183 6. He was educated at the parish schools, and came to the United States at the age of eighteen. Having been apprenticed in Scotland to the cabinet-making trade, he worked as carpenter for a time in Ohio and other places, until the year 1857, when he settled in Goderich. He commenced as an employee of John McDonald in the mill lie now owns. Mr. -McDonald having given tip the business, Mr. Buchanan and tt~ o fellow-workmen bought the mills. Some years afterward -Ir. Buchanan became sole proprietor, and has been very successful in business. He is a liberal gig er to religious objects, and occupies important positions in the Presbyterian Church, such as elder, manager, Sabbath School teacher, etc. He is a friend of the Salvation Army, having paid the expenses of three of their missionaries to India, and supports one of them in the field. He is Master Workman of the A.O.U.-N'. He was married on the 28th of February, 1859, to Miss Jannet McKay, of Scotland.


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