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144   MEN OF CANADA.

CLAYTON SLATER was born in

Barnoldswick, Yorkshire, on

January 22, 1839, and was married on
the 20th of February, 1S5S, to Judith,
daughter of Samuel Proctor. Mr. Slater
was educated, as he himself says : " in
the high school of practical experience."
When seven years old he commenced
working in cotton ; first, on a bobbin
wheel, then hand loom weaving, after
that power loom weaving up to eighteen
years of age, and since then manufac-
turing cotton and woollen goods of
various descriptions. He came to Ca-
nada in the year 1SSo, when he built
a large cotton mill, at what is called

Holmedale," on the out-skirts of Brantford. The first piece of goods made in this mill was woven by Mrs. Slater to show that there is nothing degrading in honest toil. In 1883 Mr. Slater built a wincey mill, which he is now operating. He has been all along a strong opponent of the high protective policy of both Canada and the United States, believing that it works against the best interests both of manufacturers and the working classes, and that it is calculated to ruin any country that adopts and clings to it. He is well informed on all questions affecting trade and the manufacturing interests both of England, Canada and the United States, and can discuss by the hour the relation of supply and demand, as well as the effects of a protective tariff upon these natural laws. In religion Mr. Slater is a Baptist and is a most liberal supporter of that

church. He was for a time alderman of the city of Brantford, serving the city with marked ability in that capacity ; but the pressure of his extensive business has prevented him accepting any other public offices. He has all the characteristics of an honest out-spoken Englishman, and frequently speaks, on public occasions, in favor of his political views. Tempting offers have been made to him to remove his extensive wincey mill to Kent, Ohio ; but it is to be hoped that the city of Brantford and the province of Ontario will not be called upon to suffer the loss of such an important industry.

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