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OP CANADA.

RIGHT HON. SIR JOHN ALEX

ANDER MACDONALD, K.C.

M.G., D.C.L., LL.D.,was born

in Glasgow, Scotland, on the 1 rth of January, 1815. He was the second son of Hugh Macdonald, Sutherlandshire, who emigrated to Canada when John was in his fifth year. The family first settled near Kingston, then moved to the Bay of Ouinte, when John, being in his tenth year, was sent to the Royal grammar school at Kingston. When 16 years of age, he began the study of law in the office of George Mackenzie. One of his first efforts on the completion of his course was defending an

unfortunate Pole, captured

in the Rebellion of '37. His address brought him so prominently into notice that in 1844 he was elected for Kingston, his maiden speech being a reply to the Hon. Robert Baldwin. After this he was made Receiver-General, and, subsequently, Minister of Crown Lands. On the downfall of the Hincks-Morin administration, he became Attorney-General under Sir Allan McNah until its resignation, when Mr. George Brown was called upon to form a ministry. The Governor-General, however, refusing to dissolve the House, the old cabinet was recalled, with Sir John as leader of the Upper Canada division, and Sir George E. Cartier leader of the Lower Canada division. Then came the Sandfield Macdonald and Tache-Macdonald ( John A. ) administrations, followed by the " dead-lock " or " fatal balance of parties," that led

to a coalition, when George Brown, Oliver Mowat and Wm. McDougall, representing the Reformers, entered the cabinet. In this movement Sir John displayed signal tact and rendered eminent service. From that period until the present (with the exception of the Mackenzie rlgivae, from 1873 to 1878,) Sir John has remained in power. Honors have fallen upon him in rapid succession. A knighthood marked the completion of Confederation. Then in 1879 he was sworn in as a member of the Privy Council, D.C.L. came from Oxford University in IS65, and LL.D. from Queen's, and D.C.L. from Toronto.

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