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348   INDEX.

Nelson, Dr. Wolfred, 238, 239, 243, 246, 288.

Neutrals, the (Indians), 11.

New Brunswick, early French settlements in, 32; early British settlers in, 103; Loyalist settlers in. 124, 154; further immigration, 182, 272 ; Pros rare of, formed, 154, 155; first assembly of, 155 ; (1783-1812), 154-156 ; (1815-;7), 222-225 ; (1587-18/4), 255-257; (1544-1840), 273, 274; (181,5 18'%), 280, 287; and Confederation, 307, 311, 313; Maine boundary, 1515, 223, 2.24, 256, 264.

New Caledonia, see British Columbia. New England, French raids on, 47, 50, 53. (See Acadia and Nora Scotia-) Newfoundland, 8, 56, 57, 91, 94, 100, 161, 256, 309, 311; Banks of, 3, 7.

New France, 5, 7. 8; under Champlain, 14-22; under Hundred Associates, 23-32; Royal Province, 29, 32-90. Newspapers, 97, 147, 153, 252, 253, 268, 300; editors prosecuted, 148, 197, 198, 211, 213, 218, 228.

New York State, 35, 37, 45, 47, 49, 51, 53, 58, 65, 96; northern, French and English claims to, 42, 43, 56.

Niagara, Fort, 58, 59, 70, 74-76, 81; captured by the British, 82; frontier, early settlement of, 125, 126; during war of 1812, 164-167, 170, 171, 176, 177; during rebellion of 1837, 242, 243; during Fenian raids, 312, 313; during American revolution, 115; Newark, first capital of Upper Canada, 149; burned by General McClure, 171.

Nicholson, Francis, 54, 55, 58.

Noblesse, Canadian, see Seigneurs. Sootka, 137-140.

Northmen. the, 1.

North-West, early exploration in, 60, 136, 140-14:1; (1812-1830), 230-237 ; (-1,20 ; ), 299301. (See Red Ricer Settlement and Hudson's Bay Company.)

North-West passage, 137.

North-West Territories, 321, 322, 336-339; Half-breed outbreak in, 338, 339. Not'-Westers, the, 136, 137, 140, 141-143, 231-233; and Hudson's Bay Company unite, 232, 233.

Nova Scotia, early British settlers in, 68. 102: U. E. Lo alists in, 123, 124; Scoter settlers in, 132; first parliament of, 102, 103; and the American revolution, 115, 116; (178.3-1812) 157, 158; (1315-1837), 225-230 ; (1837-181,1), 257-259; (1eh1-18 .47), 266, 267, 272, 273; (148-1864, 284-286; and confederation, 307, 311, 313, 329.

 

OFFICIALS, early, under British rule, 96, 117, 147-149, 152, 188, 193, 194, 203, 204; "tenure of office" despatch, 248. (See Responsible Government.)

Ohio Valley, 41, 67, 69-71, 80-82, 92-94, 117.

Oneidas, 10, 20. (See Iroquois.)

38; rival posts on, 58, 59; warfare on, between French and British, 75, 76, 80, 82; during war of 1812, 169-172, 176; province of, sec Upper Canada,

Oregon Treaty, 270.

Oswego founded, 59; captured by Mont-calm, 76; during American revolution, 115, 125; captured by Yeo, 176.

Ottawa, capital of (old) Canada, 292; of Dominion, 314; colonial conference at, 341.

Ottawa River, early knowledge of, 12, 18.

PACIFIC CoasT, Carly voyages to, 8, 137-142; fur trade of, 141, 142, 234; rival claims on, 141, 142, 233, 234. (See Vancouver Island and British Columbia,)

Papineau (senior), 48, 209; Louis Joseph, 208-215; in Low-OP

and rebellion of 1837, 238, 239, 244; returns to Canada, 288 ; D. B., 269. Paris, Treaty of, 90, 94.

Parliament of Great Britain, 185, 186; of Nova Scotia, first, 102; of New Brunswick, first, 155 ; of Prince Ed-ward Island, first,105 ; of Lower Canada, 129,130 ; first, 143, 144 ; of Upper Canada, 129, 1;50; first, 149, 150; of Canada (old), 254; first, 259-262; of British Columbia, 323; first, 303 ; of Manitoba, 321; of North-West Territories, 337 ; of Do-minion, 3.26, 327; first, 328, 329 ; of provinces, 327 ; colonial parliaments (early) 189-192. (See Assembly and Council.)

Party government, 259, 263, 273.

Phips, Sir William, captures Port Royal, 48 ; attacks Quebec, 48, 49.

Pitt, William (Lord Chatham), 78,131; the Younger, 129.

Plains of Abraham, battle of, 86, 87. Plattsburg, 167, 173; British repulse at, 175, 176.

Polo, Marco, 1.

Pontiac war, 92-94.

Population, see Immigration.

Port Royal founded, 15, 16; destroyed by Argall, 17 ; re-established, 30, 44; captured by Phips, 48; captured by the British, 54, 55. (See Annapolis.)

Postal service, 217, 276, 296, 325. l'outrincourt in Acadia, 15, 17.

Prescott, governor, 146, 147.

Prevost, Sir George, governor, 149, 157; during war of 1812, 160, 164, 171, 175, 176.

Primogeniture, law of, abolished in (old) Canada, 288.

Prince Edward Island in early times, 56, 79; ceded to Great Britain, 94; separate province, 105; assembly of, 105, 156, 250, 251, 294-296; Loyalist settlers in, 124; Scotch settlers in, 132, 133; further immigration to, 182, 251, 272 land monopoly In, 105, 156, 250, 251, 297-299,

c hnondusas, 10, 49. (See Iroquois.)   324; religious liberty in, 204; (1758-

Ontario, Lake, early knowledge of, 20, 25, 1   1774), 105, 106; (1753-1812), 156, 157;


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