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346   INDEX.

193; system of, under British North America Act, 324-327; responsible, see Responsible Government.

Governors, French, powers, etc., of, 23, 32; under British rule, 120, 129, 187; recent, 333.

Grandfontaine in Acadia, 32, 44, 45. Grand Pre, the affair of, 65.

Groseilliers, Canadian explorer, 39.

 

HABITANTS, the, 24, 36, 62; La Compagnie des, 26.

lialdimand, Governor, 115, 118, 119, 123, 125.

Half-breed outbreak on Red River, 316-3'21 ; in North-West, 338, 339.

Halifax founded, 68; incorporated, 195; arbitration, 330; other mention of, 102, 104, 116, 123, 155, 157, 158, 183, 192, 194, 198, 226, 228, 257, 267, 276, 280-282, 309.

Hanna, James, visits Pacific coast of British Columbia, 138.

Harvey, Sir John, 170, 225, 248, 255, 256, 273.

Head, Sir Edmund, governor, 291, 292. Head, Sir Francis Bond, 220, 2.21, 241, 245. Hearne, Samuel, Hudson's Bay Company explorer, 140.

" Highland clearances," 131-133, 231. Mucks, Sir Francis, 253, 259, 265, 281, 289. Hochelaga, 6, 7.

Howe, Joseph, prosecuted for libel, 198; attacks council of Nova Scotia, 229, 230; and Sir Colin Campbell, 258; member of council, 258-266; struggle with fiord Falkland, 272, 273; and railways, 280, 281; in the Uniacke ministry, 281-286; other mention of, 227, 228, 298, 306; opposes confederation, 313; enters Do-minion ministry. 329; lieutenant-governor of Nova Scotia, 329.

Hudson Bay, early knowledge of, 18, 39; French and British rivalry on, 39, 45, 50, 51; given up by the French, 56.

Hudson's Bay Company, formed, 39; early posts, 50; French rivalry, 50, 51, 136; contest with Nor'-Westers, 136, 140, 231-233; and Nor'-Westers unite, 232, 233; in North-West, 136, 140, 235, 299; in British Columbia, 234, 270, 301-304; claims of, purchased by Canada, 315.

Hundred Associates, 21, 23-32.

Hunters' lodges, 243.

Huron-Iroquois, 9; tribal divisions, 10, 11.

Huron Mission, 18, 25-27.

Hurons, 11, 27, 44.

 

IerwIGRATION during French regime, 23, 30, 35, 44; Halifax, 68; U. E. Loyalists, 121-128; (1791-1813), 131-135; (1815-18i0), 178-182 ; (1820-1850), 271, 272 ; to British Columbia, 302, 303, 323 (note), 339; to Manitoba and North-West Territories, 231, 232, 235, 300, 322, 337.

Imperial concessions, 274, 277. (See Responsible Government.)

Indian tribes of Canada, 9-14; lands, policy as to, 95; treatment of, by French and British, 92, 95.

Industrial progress, general references to, under French regime, 20, 39, 60-62, 77, 78; in Quebec, 97-99; in Lower Canada, 146, 182-185 ; in Upper Canada, 152, 153, 18.2-185; in Nova Scotia, 104, 105, 158, 182-185, 226, 282-284; in Prince Edward Island, 105, 157, 182-185, 252, 297; in New Brunswick, 156, 182-185, 223, 282-284; in Canada (old), 262, 277, 278, 282-284; in the Dominion, 332, 335, 336; in Manitoba, 335; in British Columbia, 339; in North-West Territories, 337. (See Agriculture, Canals, Fisheries, Fur Trade, Lurnber,Jfanufactures, Mining, Railways, Ship-building, Trade.)

Intendant, powers, etc., of, 32, 33, 63, 75. Irish immigration, 135, 180-182, 231, 272. Iroquois, 10; wars, 18, 20, 26-2S, 29, 34, 35, 42-44, 46, 47, 49, 51; acknowledged British subjects, 56; during American revolution, 115; settle in Canada, 127.

 

JESUITS in Canada, 23, 24, 28, 29, 49; missions, 24-27, 37, 46, 60, 68; estates, 421, 144, 334.

Johnson, Sir William, 65, 70, 73, 74, 82, 95, 115.

Joliet, Canadian explorer, 38.

Joly, Sir Henri, de Lotbiniere, 334. Jonquiere, de, governor of New' France, 64, 65, 68, 69.

Juan de Fuca, 9, 301.

Judges, see Administration of Justice; in parliament, 148, 152, '218, 230. Justice, see Administration of Justice.

 

KENNEBEC RIVER, 46, 47, 110.

Kent, Duke of, 105, 157, 158, 305.

King Philip's war, 46.

Kingston, U. E. settlement at, 125; first capital of (old) Canada, 259. (See Frontenac, Fort.)

Kirke captures Quebec, 21.

LA BARRE, governor of New France, 42. Lachine, 41; massacre of, 44.

Lafontaine, Sir L. II., 261; first Lafontaine-Baldwin ministry, 261, 265, 267; second Lafontaine-Baldwin ministry, 274, 287, 289.

Land policy, early, 146, 147, 152, 193, 199. Langevin, Sir 11. L., 309 (note). Lansdowne, Lord, 333.

La Salle, 38, 41, 42.

La Tour, 30, 31.

Laurier, Hon. Wilfrid, 333, 334.

Laval, Bishop, 28, 29, 34, 40, 41.

Laval University, 29, 34, 121.

Le Moyne Brothers, 51, 59.

Lesearbot, 16.

Letellier de St. Just, 334.

Levis, Fort, taken by Amherst, 89; Chevalier de, 75, 77, 88, 89.

Lisgar, Lord, governor, 329, 331.


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