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344   1N DEX.

Bowen, Sir Mackenzie, premier, 333. Braddock's defeat, 70, 71.

Bradstreet destroys Fort Frontenac, S0; expedition against Ohio Indians, 93. Brandy dispute, Nova Scotia, 228.

Brant, Joseph, 127.

Breda, treaty of, 31, 35.

British Columbia, the fur trade in, 141,

  1. 234, 301-304 ; (1846-18J(i), 301-305;

province of, formed, 303 ; Vancouver Island united with, 322 ; joins Con-federation, 322, 323 ; population of, 333 (note); subsequent history of, 339, 340. (See Pae(lic Coast.)

British Empire, our place in, 327, 336. 340, 341.

British North America Act, 313, 314; government under, 324-327.

Brock, Sir Isaac, 161; captures Detroit, 163, 164; death of, 165, 16(3.

Brown, George, establishes the Globe, 268 ; defeated in Haldimand, 288; Brown-Dorion ministry, 292, 293; in coalition government, 307; resigns, 311.

Burgoyne surrenders at Saratoga, 114.

CABOT, JoHx, 2.

Callitres, de, governor New France, 51-53. Campbell, Sir Colin, 229, 230.

Canada, early use of name, f,; extent of, at different times, 6 (and see map, page 304); ceded to Great Britain, 94 ; under military rule, 90-94 ; under king's proclamation, 94-99; invaded by Congress troops, 16S-113; under Quebec Act, 117-121; Loyalist settlers in, 125-128 ; under Constitutional Act, 1791, see Upper Canada and Loner Canada; (old),

(1.8,11-1843), 259-265 ; (1813-18 4.8), 267-272; (184818(i1), 287-294; dead-lock in, 293, 294; Dominion of, formed, 314 ; ex-tended, 314-324.

Canada Company, the, 180, 181.

na lean Pacific Railway, 137, 323, 331, .225,336.

Canals,   255, 262, 381, 283, 331.
Cape Breton, 4, °l 30, 56, 57, 63, 64, 66,

76, 78, 79, 94, 102, 103, 124;   -ua
Great Britain, 94 ; Loyalist settlers in, 124 ; Scotch settlers int-) 82, 182 ; a separate province, 124 ; reannexed to Nova Scotia; 124, 226.

"Card money," 78, 98.

Carignan-Salicres regiment, 34, 36, 45. Carleton, Sir Guy, 96 99, 108-114, 117-120,

  1. 144, 150, 151, 135.

Carleton, Thomas, lieutenant-governor of New Brunswiiek, 155.

Caroline affair, ^,e, 242, 263, 264.

Cartier, George E., 1,'44. (note), 292, 293, 309 (note), 315.

Cartier, Jacques, 5.

Castin, Baron de St., 45-47.

Cathcart, Earl, governor, 270.

Catholics, disabilities of, in early days, 96, 97, 100, 201, 202, 204. (See Religious ,Liberty.)

Cayugas, 10. (See Iroquois.)

Censitaires, see Seigneurial System. Champlain, Lake, 10, 11, 18, 59, 82, 83; Amherst on, 82, 83 ; Carleton defeats Arnold on, 113, 114 ; war of 1812, 167, 173, 175, 176. (See Crown Point, Ticonderoga and Fort William. Henry.) Champlain, Samuel, 14-2.2.

Charlottetown, 105,11(1, 252 ; incorporated, 297 ; conference at, 307-314). Chateauguay, battle of, 173, 174. Chippewyans, 12.

Chippewa Creek, battle of, 176. Chrysler's Farm, battle of, 174, 175. Church and State, 28, 34, 41, 200-207. Civil List, 190, 271, 276; Lower Canada,

209, g13-215; Upper Canada, 217 ; New Brunswick, 224, 225 ; Nova Scotia, 229, 230, 257, 271; (old) Canada, 254, 271.

Clergy Reserves, 130, 180, 204-207; secularizes I, 289, 290.

Colbert, 33-35, 40.

Colborne, Sir John, governor, 207, 218, 238, 240, 243, 245.

Coles, Hon. George, 295.

Colleges, see Ed oration.

Colonial government (British), 186493. Colonial self-government, see Civil List, Beecnue and Responsible Government. Commerce, see Industrial Progress. Couipagnie de la Nouvelle France, 21; (see

Hundred Associates) ; des Habitants, 26 ; du Nord, 50.

Confederation, early suggestions for, 293, 305; impelling causes, 3(5). 307, 311-313: history of, 305-324 ; system of government under, 321-327.

Conseil Superieur, 33.

Constitutional Act, 1791, 128-131.

Cook, Captain, 137, 138.

Cornwallis, governor of Nova Scotia, 68,69. Corruption in New France, 42, 44, 45, 74, 75, 88.

Cortereal, 3.

CJtes, 36.

Council, Legislative, under Quebec Act, 101, 109, 117, 118 - trader Constitutional -74--i-4-80: Execute `lcei 29, 187. 188 ; Legislalice, 190-1 ae; o: t'^ula (old), 254, 259; of Nova Scotia, 229, .

Courcelle, de, governor of New France, 33-35.

Coureurs de boil, 24, 1, 42, 47, 146. Courts, see Ad-nriniztration of Justice. Craig, Governor, 147-149.

Crane, William, 22(,,

Crees, 12, 234.   ,-

Crown lands, 106, 130, 134, 146, 147, 152, 180, 187, 189 190, 193, 199, 212, 224; colonial cont' sI of, 189491; in Canada (old), 254 ; 1 New Brunswick, 225; in Nova Scotia. 230, 257 ; in Prince Edward Island, 295.

Crown Point, 59, 70, 74 ; abandoned by `Frees,s. 82 ; seized by Allan, 108. - Cunard :. e, 183.


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