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340   HISTORY OF CANADA.

of the American " Alaska Company." Acting upon this double claim, American revenue-cutters seized certain British schooners from Vancouver in 1886 and 1887, and the whole matter was thus brought to an issue. After much diplomatic correspondence between Great Britain and the United States it was agreed that, instead of resorting to the barbarous arbitrament of war, the entire question should be dealt with by a special tribunal appointed by mutual consent. Of this tribunal, which sat in Paris, 1893, the Canadian premier, Sir J. S. D. Thompson, was a member. Its award was against the United States so far as the claim of right was concerned. At the same time, in order to prevent the extermination of the seals, certain regulations were laid down as to the carrying on of the seal fisheries, and of these British Columbia is inclined to complain as unduly favoring the Alaska Company.

Our Place in the British Empire.—The prominent part assigned to Canadians in connection with the Behring Sea arbitra

tion, as well as various other events of recent years, serves to emphasize the high position occupied by the Dominion of Canada as a member of the great British Empire. Our public men are taking their part, not merely as Canadian, but as Imperial statesmen. We have had, since 1880, a High Commissioner to represent us in Great Britain. The Hon. Edward Blake is now (1897) a leading member of the Home Rule party in the British House of Commons. During Sir John A. Macdonald's last illness

messages of sympathy came to Ottawa from all parts of the Empire, and after his death a memorial service was held in Westminster Abbey in recognition of the distinguished services rendered by the dead statesman to the cause of a united Empire. And when in December, 1894, Sir John Thompson died suddenly at Windsor Castle, whither he had gone to receive the honor of appointment to the Imperial Privy Council, Great Britain sent a ship of war to bear his remains to Canada.

SIIL WILLIAM DAWSON.

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