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338   HISTORY OF CANADA.

 

The Second Riel Rebellion.—In 1885 occurred what is known as the North-West Rebellion. The French half-breeds near the forks of the Saskatchewan deemed themselves aggrieved at the delay of the Canadian government in settling their claims to certain land grants. They invited the rebel leader, Riel, who at that time was living in the United States, to cone and aid them in procuring redress. The result was that in April there was an outbreak at Duck Lake, where a small detachment of Mounted

Police and a few volunteers from Prince Albert were repulsed by a body of half-breeds. At Frog Lake a band of Indians, under a Cree chief named Big Bear, cruelly murdered several persons, including two priests in charge of the mission there. Other Cree Indians, under a chief named Poundmaker, also joined in the rebellious movement. A force of volunteers was at once despatched to the scene. The half-breed stronghold at Batoche was soon taken by the main column under General Middleton, with the loss, unhappily, of several of our brave volunteers.

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