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members of the provincial assemblies were declared ineligible for election to the House of Commons of Canada. The first session of the Dominion parliament closed in May, 1868. There had been little mere party warfare. The government received the support of a large majority in the House, and the opposition members from the different provinces had not as yet perfected their organization. Their leader was the Hon. Alexander Mackenzie. One well-known figure disappeared from the scene a few weeks before the session closed. Early in the morning of the 7th of April, after a long day's work in the House, Thomas D' Arcy McGee was shot down in cold- blood upon the steps of his lodgings—an act of cruel vengeance for his refusal to countenance the course of the Fenian Brotherhood.

"Better Terms" for Nova Scotia.—In 1868 Sir John Young—better known by his later title, Lord Lisgar—became governor-general, holding the position until 1872. Every effort was made to reconcile Nova Scotia to her position as a province of the Dominion. She had gone so far as to send delegates, headed by Joseph Howe, to ask of the Imperial authorities that the B. N. A. Act should be repealed so far as she was concerned. Dr. Tupper had been sent to counteract the influence of the delegates, and the colonial office had declined to interfere. Howe now decided to submit to the inevitable ; but, before doing so, he succeeded in getting "better terms" for Nova Scotia in the shape of an increased provincial subsidy. Early in 1869 he entered the Dominion ministry as President of the Council, a step which cost him the support of many of his former friends. He was now an old man, and soon ceased to take a prominent part in public affairs. In 1873 he was made lieutenant-governor of Nova Scotia, his native province, but died within a few weeks after his appointment.

Events of 1870. The year 1870 was marked by the entry of Manitoba into Confederation. Taking advantage, apparently, of the troubles on the Red River, " General" O'Neil organized a second Fenian raid against the Lower Canadian frontier. Toward the end of May two incursions took place, one at Missisquoi Bay (at the north end of Lake Champlain), the other into Huntingdon county. Both were repulsed by small bands of volunteers hastily gathered. The American authorities promptly interposed; O'Neil was arrested, and the enterprise collapsed. Toward the close of


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