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324   HISTORY OF CANADA.

without much difficulty terms of union were arranged. We need only notice the provision made for buying out the island landlords. A large sum was set apart by the Dominion government for the purpose ; courts were established to fix the amount in cases of dispute ; and before long the evils of the land system were entirely removed. Prince Edward Island entered Confederation on the 1st day of July, 1873. Since then there has been a marked advance in agriculture, and the dairying industry has wonderfully developed. The island continues to grow iii favor as a healthy watering-place during the summer months.

('IIAPTER L.

OUR SYSTEM OF GOVERNMENT.

A Self-Governing Federation.—It is impossible to over-rate the importance to us of our Confederation. Our vast territorial expanse, our great natural resources, and our salubrious climate, all point to future greatness. Moreover, the federal form of government which we have adopted is one well calculated to ensure national strength and stability through united effort in one Dominion parliament, side by side with an efficient administration of the local affairs of each province through provincial assemblies. The tie which binds us to the motherland is the strong tie of affection, with no element of coercion. Our gracious Queen is still content "to look to the affectionate attachment of her people in North America as the best security for permanent dominion." The British parliament has conceded to us the fullest right of self-government, and legislates for us only upon those matters which are of concern to the British Empire as a whole.

The Dominion and the Provinces.—Our form of government under the British North America Act is, as we have seen, federal ; that is to say, it consists, firstly, of one general or Dominion government having jurisdiction, throughout the whole Dominion of Canada, over certain niatters which are of common concern to all the provinces ; and secondly, of seven local or provincial governments having jurisdiction, within the respective


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