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members* of the Canadian ministry at once embarked for Charlottetown. The result of their mission was that the convention dispersed without taking any step toward realizing their own scheme, and with the understanding that a meeting of delegates from all the provinces (including Newfoundland) would shortly be called together at Quebec to discuss the larger project. The Canadian delegates also visited Halifax and St. John, and created much enthusiasm by their able speeches.

The Conference at Quebec.—The Quebec conference met on the 10th of October, 1864. Canada was represented by the twelve members of her coalition ministry, while in the delegations from the other provinces both government and opposition were represented. The conference sat with closed doors, but we have the authority of Sir John A. Macdonald for the statement that on the first day the first resolution was passed unanimously, "being received with acclamation as a proposition which ought to receive and would receive the sanction of each government and each people." That resolution reads as follows : "Resolved, That the best interests and present and future prosperity of British North America will be promoted by a federal union under the Crown of Great Britain, provided such union can be effected on principles just to the several provinces." When the conference closed its sittings, on the 28th of October, seventy-one additional resolutions had been agreed upon, embodying the details of the scheme. At one time it seemed as if the negotiations would result in nothing, owing to the difficulty in reconciling the various financial claims. Happily a spirit of compromise, a yielding here and a concession there, carried the conference through to a successful termination. Our system of government under Confederation must be dealt with in a separate chapter. Shortly stated, the Quebec resolutions advocated the creation of a federal system under which each province (old Canada entering Confederation as two provinces, Ontario and Quebec) should retain its autonomy in local affairs, while matters of connnon interest to all the provinces should be committed to a central or Dominion parliament in which they should all be represented.

Financial Arrangements. —The opposition to Confedera-

* John A. Macdonald, George E. Cartier, George Brown, A. T. Galt, T. D. McGee, William Macdougall, H. L. Iangevin, and Alexander Campbell.

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